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Foot & Ankle

  • Normal Anatomy of the Foot & Ankle

    The foot and ankle in the human body work together to provide balance, stability, movement, and propulsion.

    In order to understand conditions that affect the foot and ankle, it is important to understand the normal anatomy of the foot and ankle.

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  • Ankle Fracture

    The ankle joint is composed of three bones: the tibia, fibula, and talus which are articulated together. The ends of the fibula and tibia (lower leg bones) form the inner and outer malleolus, which are the bony protrusions of the ankle joint that you can feel and see on either side of the ankle. The joint is protected by a fibrous membrane called a joint capsule, and filled with synovial fluid to enable smooth movement.

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  • Lisfranc (Midfoot) Fracture

    Tarsometatarsal joint refers to the region found in the middle of the foot. It is also called as Lisfranc joints. It is a junction between the tarsal bones (group of seven articulating bones in the foot) and metatarsal bones (a group of five long bones in the foot). A deformity in the tarsometatarsal region can be due to arthritis and traumatic motor accidents.

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  • Talus Fractures

    The talus is a small bone at the ankle joint that connects the heel bone and the two bones of the lower leg, enabling the up and down movement of the foot. Fractures in the talus bone may occur due to a fall from great heights, motor vehicle accidents or twisting of the ankle. The symptoms include severe ankle pain, inability to walk, swelling and tenderness.

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  • 5th Metatarsal (Jones) Fractures

    The metatarsal bones are the long bones in your feet. There are five metatarsal bones in each foot. The fifth metatarsal is the long bone that is located on the outside of the foot and connects to the small toe. The fifth metatarsal bone is more commonly fractured.

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  • Achilles Tendon Rupture

    The Achilles tendon, a strong fibrous cord present behind the ankle, is the largest tendon in the body. It connects the calf muscles to your heel bone and is used whenever you walk, jump and run. The Achilles tendon may be susceptible to injury and damage when it becomes thin and weak or from overuse. Chronic ruptures of Achilles tendon are those that present for evaluation 4-6 weeks after the original injury. Achilles tendon rupture affects 1 in 5000 people and occurs most commonly between the ages of 30-50 years.

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  • Calcaneous Fractures

    The calcaneus or heel bone is a large bone found on the rear part of the foot. The calcaneus connects with the talus and cuboid bones to form the subtalar joint of the foot. A fracture is a break in a bone from trauma or various disease conditions. The types of fracture to the calcaneus depend on the severity and include stable fractures, displaced fractures, open fractures, closed fractures and comminuted fractures.

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